Year 2016, Volume 2 , Issue 3, Pages 0 - 0 2016-12-08

The role of the Kurdish Press (1898-1920) in the deployment and Emergence of the Kurdish Literary Arts and Literary Criticism

Ali Tahir Barznji [1] , Othman .Hamad Dashty [2]


Literary output is the sum of the process of artistic creativity. Literary study is as science to literature which forms one side of the triangle, along with two other sides of the literary theory and the history of literature. Literary criticism studies and analyzes literary outcomes and evaluates them from intellectual, literary and artistic points of view. Due to the delay in the appearance of books and printing presses and publishing houses in the Kurdish language, the Kurdish press since its inception at the beginning of the twentieth century has played an active role and has undertaken the task of spreading the products of Kurdish literature where poetry formed the greatest part. Also, the Kurdish press has contributed from its early beginning, especially the period between the emergence of the first newspaper in Kurdish in 1898 to the ends of the first World war in 1920 and the emergence of modern literary arts in the Kurdish language, whether prose (Essay, Artistic story, and theatrical texts) or poetic types (Epic, poetic story and prose poem). Moreover, the first attempts to study literary criticism emerged and later evolved into an integrated technical literary work according to the plans and curricula to become an integrated cash scientific criticism theory. This study examines the role of the Kurdish press, between the period (1898-1920) in the deployment and the emergence of Kurdish literary prose and poetry, as well as tracing the footsteps of the emergence and development of the critical process in the Kurdish literature in that time period exclusively.

Literary output, Kurdish Press
  • • ئەمين، نەوشيروان مستەفا، بە دەم رێگاوە گوڵچنين، ك٢، ب١، الدار العربيە للعلوم ناشرون، بيروت، لبنان، ٢٠١٣.
  • • بەسير، پرۆفيسۆر كامل حەسەن، وێژەى كوردى و رەخنەسازى، بەغدا، ١٩٩٠.
  • • بيمار، عەبدالرزاق، پەخشانى كوردى، دەزگارى رۆشنبيرى و بڵاوكردنەوەى كوردى، بەغدا، ١٩٩٨.
  • • پيرباڵ، فەرهاد، گۆڤارى كوردستان، دەزگاى چاپ و بڵاوكردنەوەى ئاراس، هەولێر، ٢٠٠٥.
  • • حوسێن، د. هيمداد، رۆژنامەوانى و ئەدەبياتى نوێى كوردى، بنكەى ژين، سلێمانى، ٢٠٠٨.
  • • دۆسكى، تەحسين ئيبراهيم، ديوانا مەلايێ جزيرى، چ٢، سپيرێز، دهۆك، ٢٠١١.
  • • ديچيز، ديويد، شيوەهاى نقد ادبي، ترجمە: محمد تقى صدقيانى، تهران، ١٣٧٩.
  • • رەسوڵ، د. عيزەدين مستەفا، بەختيار زێوەر – ژيان و بەرهەمى، گۆڤارى كۆليجى ئەدەبيات، ژ(٢٢)، ١٩٧٨.
  • • زەنگەنە، عەبدوڵا، رابەرى رۆژنامەنووسى كوردى، گ. رۆژنامەڤانى، ژ(١١ – ١٢)، ٢٠٠٣.
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Author: Ali Tahir Barznji
Institution: University of Sulaimani
Country: Iraq


Author: Othman .Hamad Dashty
Institution: Koya University
Country: Iraq


Dates

Publication Date : December 8, 2016

Bibtex @research article { ijoks278416, journal = {International Journal of Kurdish Studies}, issn = {2149-2751}, eissn = {2149-2751}, address = {}, publisher = {Hasan KARACAN}, year = {2016}, volume = {2}, pages = {0 - 0}, doi = {10.21600/ijoks.278416}, title = {The role of the Kurdish Press (1898-1920) in the deployment and Emergence of the Kurdish Literary Arts and Literary Criticism}, key = {cite}, author = {Barznji, Ali Tahir and Dashty, Othman .Hamad} }
APA Barznji, A , Dashty, O . (2016). The role of the Kurdish Press (1898-1920) in the deployment and Emergence of the Kurdish Literary Arts and Literary Criticism. International Journal of Kurdish Studies , 2 (3) , 0-0 . DOI: 10.21600/ijoks.278416
MLA Barznji, A , Dashty, O . "The role of the Kurdish Press (1898-1920) in the deployment and Emergence of the Kurdish Literary Arts and Literary Criticism". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 2 (2016 ): 0-0 <http://ijoks.com/en/issue/26443/278416>
Chicago Barznji, A , Dashty, O . "The role of the Kurdish Press (1898-1920) in the deployment and Emergence of the Kurdish Literary Arts and Literary Criticism". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 2 (2016 ): 0-0
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The role of the Kurdish Press (1898-1920) in the deployment and Emergence of the Kurdish Literary Arts and Literary Criticism AU - Ali Tahir Barznji , Othman .Hamad Dashty Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - doi: 10.21600/ijoks.278416 DO - 10.21600/ijoks.278416 T2 - International Journal of Kurdish Studies JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 0 EP - 0 VL - 2 IS - 3 SN - 2149-2751-2149-2751 M3 - doi: 10.21600/ijoks.278416 UR - https://doi.org/10.21600/ijoks.278416 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Kurdish Studies The role of the Kurdish Press (1898-1920) in the deployment and Emergence of the Kurdish Literary Arts and Literary Criticism %A Ali Tahir Barznji , Othman .Hamad Dashty %T The role of the Kurdish Press (1898-1920) in the deployment and Emergence of the Kurdish Literary Arts and Literary Criticism %D 2016 %J International Journal of Kurdish Studies %P 2149-2751-2149-2751 %V 2 %N 3 %R doi: 10.21600/ijoks.278416 %U 10.21600/ijoks.278416
ISNAD Barznji, Ali Tahir , Dashty, Othman .Hamad . "The role of the Kurdish Press (1898-1920) in the deployment and Emergence of the Kurdish Literary Arts and Literary Criticism". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 2 / 3 (December 2016): 0-0 . https://doi.org/10.21600/ijoks.278416
AMA Barznji A , Dashty O . The role of the Kurdish Press (1898-1920) in the deployment and Emergence of the Kurdish Literary Arts and Literary Criticism. International Journal of Kurdish Studies. 2016; 2(3): 0-0.
Vancouver Barznji A , Dashty O . The role of the Kurdish Press (1898-1920) in the deployment and Emergence of the Kurdish Literary Arts and Literary Criticism. International Journal of Kurdish Studies. 2016; 2(3): 0-0.