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## entrEducation and improvement of Kurdish written language: some newspapers and magazines of the beginning of 20th century as examplesEducation and improvement of Kurdish written language: some newspapers and magazines of the beginning of 20th century as examples

#### Halmat Baiz Rasool [1]

The issues of Kurdish Language and Kurdish Language Identity has been highly evident through the beginnings of twentieth century. The significant changes that took place in political and cultural aspects in Kurdistan has gave the birth of numerous journals and magazines which clearly expressed the general circumstances of the twentieth century. This research under the title "Issue of Literacy and Kurdish Written Language in Certain Journals and Magazines in the Early Twentieth Century" aims to provide a wide analysis on the related issues expressed through the common journals and magazines. The research covers five journals and magazines issued between1920-1932 and shades light on a number of efforts done by the Fourth Power (Power of Journalism) to highlight the language and Kurdish language study issues as a national privileges after the effects caused by the division of Kurdistan, Iraqi Government establishment and the British policy in the region. The common challenges can be literacy encouragement, spelling, language purification and requests to solve schools' problems, and these challenges will be the discussing topics in the research. There are many external and internal factors that caused the given challenges, that's why the writers and journalists boldly and eagerly discussed the challenges and were part of the solutions by giving suggestions and pointing the weaknesses through various techniques and evidences.

The issues of Kurdish Language and Kurdish Language Identity has been highly evident through the beginnings of twentieth century. The significant changes that took place in political and cultural aspects in Kurdistan has gave the birth of numerous journals and magazines which clearly expressed the general circumstances of the twentieth century. This research under the title "Issue of Literacy and Kurdish Written Language in Certain Journals and Magazines in the Early Twentieth Century" aims to provide a wide analysis on the related issues expressed through the common journals and magazines. The research covers five journals and magazines issued between1920-1932 and shades light on a number of efforts done by the Fourth Power (Power of Journalism) to highlight the language and Kurdish language study issues as a national privileges after the effects caused by the division of Kurdistan, Iraqi Government establishment and the British policy in the region. The common challenges can be literacy encouragement, spelling, language purification and requests to solve schools' problems, and these challenges will be the discussing topics in the research. There are many external and internal factors that caused the given challenges, that's why the writers and journalists boldly and eagerly discussed the challenges and were part of the solutions by giving suggestions and pointing the weaknesses through various techniques and evidences.

• خانزاد عەلی قادر، زمانی شیعری حاجی قادری كۆیی ‌و مەحوی ‌و شێخ ڕەزای تاڵەبانی، نامەی دكتۆرا، زانكۆی سەلاحەددین، كۆلێژی ئاداب، 2004، ل111 .
• بڕوانە: لێكۆڵینەوەكەی نەوشێروان مستەفا ئەمین، دیاری كوردستان (1925-1926)، ئامادەكردنی ڕەفیق ساڵح- لێكۆڵینەوە نەوشێروان مستەفا ئەمین و سدیق ساڵح، لەبڵاوكراوەكانی دەزگای چاپ و پەخشی سەردەم، سلێمانی، 2001، ل24.
• سەلام كەریم، زمان و ڕۆژنامە "لێكۆڵینەوە لە زمای ڕۆژنامەنووسی و وەرگێرَان"، چاپی یەكەم، چاپ و بڵاوكردنەوەی چوارچرا، 2005، ل
Subjects Social Makaleler Author: Halmat Baiz RasoolInstitution: Soran UniversityCountry: Iraq Publication Date : December 8, 2016
 Bibtex @research article { ijoks278418, journal = {International Journal of Kurdish Studies}, issn = {2149-2751}, eissn = {2149-2751}, address = {}, publisher = {Hasan KARACAN}, year = {2016}, volume = {2}, pages = {0 - 0}, doi = {10.21600/ijoks.278418}, title = {Education and improvement of Kurdish written language: some newspapers and magazines of the beginning of 20th century as examples}, key = {cite}, author = {Rasool, Halmat Baiz} } APA Rasool, H . (2016). Education and improvement of Kurdish written language: some newspapers and magazines of the beginning of 20th century as examples. International Journal of Kurdish Studies , 2 (3) , 0-0 . DOI: 10.21600/ijoks.278418 MLA Rasool, H . "Education and improvement of Kurdish written language: some newspapers and magazines of the beginning of 20th century as examples". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 2 (2016 ): 0-0 Chicago Rasool, H . "Education and improvement of Kurdish written language: some newspapers and magazines of the beginning of 20th century as examples". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 2 (2016 ): 0-0 RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Education and improvement of Kurdish written language: some newspapers and magazines of the beginning of 20th century as examples AU - Halmat Baiz Rasool Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - doi: 10.21600/ijoks.278418 DO - 10.21600/ijoks.278418 T2 - International Journal of Kurdish Studies JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 0 EP - 0 VL - 2 IS - 3 SN - 2149-2751-2149-2751 M3 - doi: 10.21600/ijoks.278418 UR - https://doi.org/10.21600/ijoks.278418 Y2 - 2019 ER - EndNote %0 International Journal of Kurdish Studies Education and improvement of Kurdish written language: some newspapers and magazines of the beginning of 20th century as examples %A Halmat Baiz Rasool %T Education and improvement of Kurdish written language: some newspapers and magazines of the beginning of 20th century as examples %D 2016 %J International Journal of Kurdish Studies %P 2149-2751-2149-2751 %V 2 %N 3 %R doi: 10.21600/ijoks.278418 %U 10.21600/ijoks.278418 ISNAD Rasool, Halmat Baiz . "Education and improvement of Kurdish written language: some newspapers and magazines of the beginning of 20th century as examples". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 2 / 3 (December 2016): 0-0 . https://doi.org/10.21600/ijoks.278418 AMA Rasool H . Education and improvement of Kurdish written language: some newspapers and magazines of the beginning of 20th century as examples. International Journal of Kurdish Studies. 2016; 2(3): 0-0. Vancouver Rasool H . Education and improvement of Kurdish written language: some newspapers and magazines of the beginning of 20th century as examples. International Journal of Kurdish Studies. 2016; 2(3): 0-0.