Year 2016, Volume 2 , Issue 3, Pages 124 - 146 2016-12-10

The Kurds and the phenomenon of migration In the Middle Ages (Analyzing study about the reasons and conclusions)
The Kurds and the phenomenon of migration In the Middle Ages (Analyzing study about the reasons and conclusions)

Mahdi Othman Haruti [1]


Kurds have resorted to migration in different periods of the Islamic Middle Ages. This migration was happened by different reasons, and also resulted in multiple results. This research which is devoted to study this aspect, in the first attempts to write briefly about the beginning of Kurdish settling in their territories at the beginning of Islamic era. The research also talks about the different stages of Kurds emigration, and analyzes the motivations behind these migrations. Such as economic motives like famine (such as the migration of large groups of Erbil residents because of the drought that occurred in the year 1318 AD), or health and spread of diseases (such as this migration that happened in some of the Kurdish areas in the year 1348 AD). Or the political and military pressures (such as the attacks of Turk Ghazis and Saljuk and Mongol, which forced many Kurdish groups to migrate from the eastern Kurdish areas to the northern and western regions in different periods). Also the religious reasons had a role in this aspect. The Ayyubid and the Kurdish tribes that were with them had emigrated to Syria and Egypt in order to participate in the Crusades. In the end we mention the most important conclusions that resulted from those migrations. And analyze the social and economic consequences as well as the distribution of the population and the changes that have occurred within the border of the Kurdish provinces.

Kurds have resorted to migration in different periods of the Islamic Middle Ages. This migration was happened by different reasons, and also resulted in multiple results. This research which is devoted to study this aspect, in the first attempts to write briefly about the beginning of Kurdish settling in their territories at the beginning of Islamic era. The research also talks about the different stages of Kurds emigration, and analyzes the motivations behind these migrations. Such as economic motives like famine (such as the migration of large groups of Erbil residents because of the drought that occurred in the year 1318 AD), or health and spread of diseases (such as this migration that happened in some of the Kurdish areas in the year 1348 AD). Or the political and military pressures (such as the attacks of Turk Ghazis and Saljuk and Mongol, which forced many Kurdish groups to migrate from the eastern Kurdish areas to the northern and western regions in different periods). Also the religious reasons had a role in this aspect. The Ayyubid and the Kurdish tribes that were with them had emigrated to Syria and Egypt in order to participate in the Crusades. In the end we mention the most important conclusions that resulted from those migrations. And analyze the social and economic consequences as well as the distribution of the population and the changes that have occurred within the border of the Kurdish provinces.

  • بەزمانى عەرەبى:-
  • ارشاك پولاديان:-الاكراد فى حقبە الخلافە العباسيە فى القرنين ١٠-١١م، ت:الكسندر كشيشيان، دار الفارابى ،(بيروت-دار اراس للطباعە والنشر،ط٢،اربيل:٢٠١٣).
  • تريفە احمد عثمان البرزنجى:-اسهامات علماء الاكراد فى بناءالحضارە الاسلاميە" خلال قرنين السابع والثامن الهجريين-علوم النظريە"، (بيروت:٢٠١٠).
  • حكيم عبدالرحمن زبير البابيرى:-مدينة خةلات"دراسة فى تاريخها السياسى والحضارى 493-641هج/1100-1243م"،دار سبيريز،(دهوك:2005).
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Author: Mahdi Othman Haruti
Institution: Koya University
Country: Iraq


Dates

Publication Date : December 10, 2016

Bibtex @research article { ijoks278422, journal = {International Journal of Kurdish Studies}, issn = {2149-2751}, eissn = {2149-2751}, address = {}, publisher = {Hasan KARACAN}, year = {2016}, volume = {2}, pages = {124 - 146}, doi = {10.21600/ijoks.278422}, title = {The Kurds and the phenomenon of migration In the Middle Ages (Analyzing study about the reasons and conclusions)}, key = {cite}, author = {Haruti, Mahdi Othman} }
APA Haruti, M . (2016). The Kurds and the phenomenon of migration In the Middle Ages (Analyzing study about the reasons and conclusions). International Journal of Kurdish Studies , 2 (3) , 124-146 . DOI: 10.21600/ijoks.278422
MLA Haruti, M . "The Kurds and the phenomenon of migration In the Middle Ages (Analyzing study about the reasons and conclusions)". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 2 (2016 ): 124-146 <http://ijoks.com/en/issue/26443/278422>
Chicago Haruti, M . "The Kurds and the phenomenon of migration In the Middle Ages (Analyzing study about the reasons and conclusions)". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 2 (2016 ): 124-146
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Kurds and the phenomenon of migration In the Middle Ages (Analyzing study about the reasons and conclusions) AU - Mahdi Othman Haruti Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - doi: 10.21600/ijoks.278422 DO - 10.21600/ijoks.278422 T2 - International Journal of Kurdish Studies JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 124 EP - 146 VL - 2 IS - 3 SN - 2149-2751-2149-2751 M3 - doi: 10.21600/ijoks.278422 UR - https://doi.org/10.21600/ijoks.278422 Y2 - 2016 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Kurdish Studies The Kurds and the phenomenon of migration In the Middle Ages (Analyzing study about the reasons and conclusions) %A Mahdi Othman Haruti %T The Kurds and the phenomenon of migration In the Middle Ages (Analyzing study about the reasons and conclusions) %D 2016 %J International Journal of Kurdish Studies %P 2149-2751-2149-2751 %V 2 %N 3 %R doi: 10.21600/ijoks.278422 %U 10.21600/ijoks.278422
ISNAD Haruti, Mahdi Othman . "The Kurds and the phenomenon of migration In the Middle Ages (Analyzing study about the reasons and conclusions)". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 2 / 3 (December 2016): 124-146 . https://doi.org/10.21600/ijoks.278422
AMA Haruti M . The Kurds and the phenomenon of migration In the Middle Ages (Analyzing study about the reasons and conclusions). International Journal of Kurdish Studies. 2016; 2(3): 124-146.
Vancouver Haruti M . The Kurds and the phenomenon of migration In the Middle Ages (Analyzing study about the reasons and conclusions). International Journal of Kurdish Studies. 2016; 2(3): 146-124.