Year 2019, Volume 5 , Issue 1, Pages 253 - 289 2019-01-25

The Effect of Leftist Thinking on Kurdish Organization in Eastern Kurdistan (1945 – 1938)

Ismael Abdalrahman SAEED [1]


Leftism has reached Kurdistan in various ways, including the social democratic movement of 1905, the Iranian Communist Party, the Tudeh Party of Iran (1941), and the arrival of the Sur Army Forces into Iran and their support for the Republic of Kurdistan. The first Kurdish organizations in Eastern Kurdistan, namely the Freedom Party (1938) and the Kurdistan Revitalization Society (J-K) (1942), were somehow affected by leftist thought.

The Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) was established on the foundation left by  J-K in August of 1945. Due to the social composition of KDP’s leadership, the radicalism of J-K is not apparent in its party program.

Generally, the tribal and sociopolitical structure of Kurdish society, the authority of Sheikhs and clergymen, and the existence of characters belonging to all those mentioned classes and strata was natural and has not led to radical social programs.

Kurdistan Democratic Party’s leadership and particularly Qazi Muhammad has mostly sought a formula for coexisting and keeping the balance among rivals in that era, such as the farmers and landowners, tribal leaders, urbanites, and traditional moderates, in order to reunite them all under the national umbrella.

In the structure of the KDP, the same formula of tolerance has been considered and the left wing the Society for the Revival of Kurdistan (Komeley Jiyanewey Kurdistan or JK) though in newly organizing (KDP), did not have the chance as appeared previously, and practicing its programs, at the same time had a kind of tolerance with the right wing and conservative ones.

Azadi Party, J-K, Organization, Kurdistan Democratic Party, Radicalism, Conservatism, Communism, Soviet Union, Tudeh Party
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Primary Language en
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-3940-0234
Author: Ismael Abdalrahman SAEED (Primary Author)
Institution: Koya University
Country: Iraq


Dates

Publication Date : January 25, 2019

Bibtex @research article { ijoks516509, journal = {International Journal of Kurdish Studies}, issn = {2149-2751}, eissn = {2149-2751}, address = {}, publisher = {Hasan KARACAN}, year = {2019}, volume = {5}, pages = {253 - 289}, doi = {10.21600/ijoks.516509}, title = {The Effect of Leftist Thinking on Kurdish Organization in Eastern Kurdistan (1945 – 1938)}, key = {cite}, author = {SAEED, Ismael Abdalrahman} }
APA SAEED, I . (2019). The Effect of Leftist Thinking on Kurdish Organization in Eastern Kurdistan (1945 – 1938). International Journal of Kurdish Studies , 5 (1) , 253-289 . DOI: 10.21600/ijoks.516509
MLA SAEED, I . "The Effect of Leftist Thinking on Kurdish Organization in Eastern Kurdistan (1945 – 1938)". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 5 (2019 ): 253-289 <http://ijoks.com/en/issue/42771/516509>
Chicago SAEED, I . "The Effect of Leftist Thinking on Kurdish Organization in Eastern Kurdistan (1945 – 1938)". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 5 (2019 ): 253-289
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Effect of Leftist Thinking on Kurdish Organization in Eastern Kurdistan (1945 – 1938) AU - Ismael Abdalrahman SAEED Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.21600/ijoks.516509 DO - 10.21600/ijoks.516509 T2 - International Journal of Kurdish Studies JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 253 EP - 289 VL - 5 IS - 1 SN - 2149-2751-2149-2751 M3 - doi: 10.21600/ijoks.516509 UR - https://doi.org/10.21600/ijoks.516509 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Kurdish Studies The Effect of Leftist Thinking on Kurdish Organization in Eastern Kurdistan (1945 – 1938) %A Ismael Abdalrahman SAEED %T The Effect of Leftist Thinking on Kurdish Organization in Eastern Kurdistan (1945 – 1938) %D 2019 %J International Journal of Kurdish Studies %P 2149-2751-2149-2751 %V 5 %N 1 %R doi: 10.21600/ijoks.516509 %U 10.21600/ijoks.516509
ISNAD SAEED, Ismael Abdalrahman . "The Effect of Leftist Thinking on Kurdish Organization in Eastern Kurdistan (1945 – 1938)". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 5 / 1 (January 2019): 253-289 . https://doi.org/10.21600/ijoks.516509
AMA SAEED I . The Effect of Leftist Thinking on Kurdish Organization in Eastern Kurdistan (1945 – 1938). International Journal of Kurdish Studies. 2019; 5(1): 253-289.
Vancouver SAEED I . The Effect of Leftist Thinking on Kurdish Organization in Eastern Kurdistan (1945 – 1938). International Journal of Kurdish Studies. 2019; 5(1): 289-253.