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Attitude Towards the First Language and Its Effects on First Language Lexical Attrition

Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 1, 65 - 81, 25.01.2021
https://doi.org/10.21600/ijoks.827571

Abstract

This paper presents an investigation into the relationship between individuals’ attitudes towards their mother tongue and lexical attrition. The paper is based on data from a study wherein 10 Kurdish-Turkish bilinguals were asked to narrate a well-known story in their mother tongue of Kurdish. These individuals were selected from among 104 participants according to their score on the Mother Tongue Attitude Scale (MTAS), a scale used to determine attitude towards mother tongue.

In this study, quantitative and qualitative research methods were used together. The participants were asked to tell a story in Kurdish to assess their use of Turkish words while doing so. Additionally, the participants were also asked to evaluate their Kurdish speaking ability after telling the story.

The results of the study showed participants with a low MTAS score resorted to borrowing more Turkish words and were able to access a smaller number of Kurdish words than the participants with higher MTAS scores and they suffered more from lexical attrition than their counterparts. Those with high MTAS scores, with a positive attitude towards their mother tongue, used smaller numbers of words borrowed from Turkish and had access to a richer lexicon with which to narrate the story.

References

  • Creswell, J. W. (2003) Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-method approaches, London: Sage Publications, Inc.
  • Flores, C. (2010) ‘The effect of age on language attrition: Evidence from bilingual returnees’, Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 13(4): 533-546.
  • Kasap, S. and Tanhan, F. (2018) ‘The Mother Tongue Attitude Scale (MTAS)’, Unpublished study.
  • Kayış, A. (2009) ‘Güvenirlik Analizi’ Ş. Kalaycı (Ed), SPSS Uygulamalı Çok Değişkenli Istatistik Teknikleri. (pp. 403-419). Ankara: Asil Yayıncılık.
  • Köpke, B. & Nespoulous, J-L. (2001) ‘First language attrition in production skills and metalinguistic abilities in German-English and German-French bilinguals’ in T. Ammerlaan, M. Hulsen, H. Strating & K. Yağmur (eds.), Sociolinguistic and Psycholinguistic Perspectives on Maintenance and Loss of Minority Languages, pp. 221- 234. Münster: Waxmann.
  • Köpke, B. (2004) ‘Neurolinguistic aspects of attrition’, Journal of Neurolinguistics. 17: 3-30.
  • Köpke, B.; Schmid, M.( 2004) ‘Language attrition: Next Phase’ in: M. Schmid, B. Köpke, M. Keijzer, L. Weilemar (Eds.). First language attrition: interdisciplinary perspectives on methodological issues. 1-47. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Montrul, S. (2008) Incomplete Acquisition in Bilingualism: Re-examining the age factor, Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
  • Opitz, C. (2011) First language Attrition and Second Language Acquisition in a SecondLanguage Environment, PhD dissertation, Trinity College Dublin.
  • Schmid, M. (2010.) Languages at play: The relevance of L1 attrition to the study of bilingualism. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 13(1): 1–7.
  • Schmid, M. (2011) Language Attrition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Schmid, M.; de Bot, K. (2004) ‘Language Attrition’ in: A. Davies, C. Elder (Eds.) The Handbook of Applied Linguistics, pp. 210-234. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
  • Schmid, M.; Köpke, B. (2009) ‘Attrition and the Mental Lexicon’, in: A. Pavlenko (Ed.) The Bilingual Mental Lexicon. Interdisciplinary Approaches, pp. 209-238. Bristol, Buffalo, Toronto: Multilingual Matters.
  • Schmid, M. (2002) Language contact, language change and language attrition. First language attrition, use and maintenance: the case of German Jews in anglophone countries, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 7-11.
  • Seliger, H. W.; Vago, R. M.( 1991) ‘The study of first language attrition: an overview’ in: H.W. Seliger, R. M. Vago (Eds.) First language attrition, pp. 3-15. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Paradis, M. (2004) A neurolinguistic theory of bilingualism, Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
  • Pavlenko, A. (2004) ‘L2 influence and L1 attrition in adult bilingualism’ in: M. Schmid, B. Köpke, M. Keijzer, L. Weilemar (Eds.) First language attrition: interdisciplinary perspectives on methodological issues, pp. 47-59, Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Yıldırım, A. & Şimşek, H. (2005) Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma Yöntemleri, Ankara: Seçkin.

Attitude Towards the First Language and Its Effects on First Language Lexical Attrition

Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 1, 65 - 81, 25.01.2021
https://doi.org/10.21600/ijoks.827571

Abstract

This paper presents an investigation into the relationship between individuals’ attitudes towards their mother tongue and lexical attrition. The paper is based on data from a study wherein 10 Kurdish-Turkish bilinguals were asked to narrate a well-known story in their mother tongue of Kurdish. These individuals were selected from among 104 participants according to their score on the Mother Tongue Attitude Scale (MTAS), a scale used to determine attitude towards mother tongue.

In this study, quantitative and qualitative research methods were used together. The participants were asked to tell a story in Kurdish to assess their use of Turkish words while doing so. Additionally, the participants were also asked to evaluate their Kurdish speaking ability after telling the story.

The results of the study showed participants with a low MTAS score resorted to borrowing more Turkish words and were able to access a smaller number of Kurdish words than the participants with higher MTAS scores and they suffered more from lexical attrition than their counterparts. Those with high MTAS scores, with a positive attitude towards their mother tongue, used smaller numbers of words borrowed from Turkish and had access to a richer lexicon with which to narrate the story.

References

  • Creswell, J. W. (2003) Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-method approaches, London: Sage Publications, Inc.
  • Flores, C. (2010) ‘The effect of age on language attrition: Evidence from bilingual returnees’, Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 13(4): 533-546.
  • Kasap, S. and Tanhan, F. (2018) ‘The Mother Tongue Attitude Scale (MTAS)’, Unpublished study.
  • Kayış, A. (2009) ‘Güvenirlik Analizi’ Ş. Kalaycı (Ed), SPSS Uygulamalı Çok Değişkenli Istatistik Teknikleri. (pp. 403-419). Ankara: Asil Yayıncılık.
  • Köpke, B. & Nespoulous, J-L. (2001) ‘First language attrition in production skills and metalinguistic abilities in German-English and German-French bilinguals’ in T. Ammerlaan, M. Hulsen, H. Strating & K. Yağmur (eds.), Sociolinguistic and Psycholinguistic Perspectives on Maintenance and Loss of Minority Languages, pp. 221- 234. Münster: Waxmann.
  • Köpke, B. (2004) ‘Neurolinguistic aspects of attrition’, Journal of Neurolinguistics. 17: 3-30.
  • Köpke, B.; Schmid, M.( 2004) ‘Language attrition: Next Phase’ in: M. Schmid, B. Köpke, M. Keijzer, L. Weilemar (Eds.). First language attrition: interdisciplinary perspectives on methodological issues. 1-47. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Montrul, S. (2008) Incomplete Acquisition in Bilingualism: Re-examining the age factor, Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
  • Opitz, C. (2011) First language Attrition and Second Language Acquisition in a SecondLanguage Environment, PhD dissertation, Trinity College Dublin.
  • Schmid, M. (2010.) Languages at play: The relevance of L1 attrition to the study of bilingualism. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 13(1): 1–7.
  • Schmid, M. (2011) Language Attrition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Schmid, M.; de Bot, K. (2004) ‘Language Attrition’ in: A. Davies, C. Elder (Eds.) The Handbook of Applied Linguistics, pp. 210-234. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
  • Schmid, M.; Köpke, B. (2009) ‘Attrition and the Mental Lexicon’, in: A. Pavlenko (Ed.) The Bilingual Mental Lexicon. Interdisciplinary Approaches, pp. 209-238. Bristol, Buffalo, Toronto: Multilingual Matters.
  • Schmid, M. (2002) Language contact, language change and language attrition. First language attrition, use and maintenance: the case of German Jews in anglophone countries, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 7-11.
  • Seliger, H. W.; Vago, R. M.( 1991) ‘The study of first language attrition: an overview’ in: H.W. Seliger, R. M. Vago (Eds.) First language attrition, pp. 3-15. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Paradis, M. (2004) A neurolinguistic theory of bilingualism, Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
  • Pavlenko, A. (2004) ‘L2 influence and L1 attrition in adult bilingualism’ in: M. Schmid, B. Köpke, M. Keijzer, L. Weilemar (Eds.) First language attrition: interdisciplinary perspectives on methodological issues, pp. 47-59, Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Yıldırım, A. & Şimşek, H. (2005) Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma Yöntemleri, Ankara: Seçkin.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Social
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Suleyman KASAP (Primary Author)
Van YYU
0000-0001-8367-8789
Türkiye

Publication Date January 25, 2021
Application Date November 17, 2020
Acceptance Date December 5, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { ijoks827571, journal = {International Journal of Kurdish Studies}, issn = {2149-2751}, eissn = {2149-2751}, address = {}, publisher = {Hasan KARACAN}, year = {2021}, volume = {7}, pages = {65 - 81}, doi = {10.21600/ijoks.827571}, title = {Attitude Towards the First Language and Its Effects on First Language Lexical Attrition}, key = {cite}, author = {Kasap, Suleyman} }
APA Kasap, S. (2021). Attitude Towards the First Language and Its Effects on First Language Lexical Attrition . International Journal of Kurdish Studies , 7 (1) , 65-81 . DOI: 10.21600/ijoks.827571
MLA Kasap, S. "Attitude Towards the First Language and Its Effects on First Language Lexical Attrition" . International Journal of Kurdish Studies 7 (2021 ): 65-81 <http://ijoks.com/en/pub/issue/59757/827571>
Chicago Kasap, S. "Attitude Towards the First Language and Its Effects on First Language Lexical Attrition". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 7 (2021 ): 65-81
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Attitude Towards the First Language and Its Effects on First Language Lexical Attrition AU - Suleyman Kasap Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.21600/ijoks.827571 DO - 10.21600/ijoks.827571 T2 - International Journal of Kurdish Studies JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 65 EP - 81 VL - 7 IS - 1 SN - 2149-2751-2149-2751 M3 - doi: 10.21600/ijoks.827571 UR - https://doi.org/10.21600/ijoks.827571 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Kurdish Studies Attitude Towards the First Language and Its Effects on First Language Lexical Attrition %A Suleyman Kasap %T Attitude Towards the First Language and Its Effects on First Language Lexical Attrition %D 2021 %J International Journal of Kurdish Studies %P 2149-2751-2149-2751 %V 7 %N 1 %R doi: 10.21600/ijoks.827571 %U 10.21600/ijoks.827571
ISNAD Kasap, Suleyman . "Attitude Towards the First Language and Its Effects on First Language Lexical Attrition". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 7 / 1 (January 2021): 65-81 . https://doi.org/10.21600/ijoks.827571
AMA Kasap S. Attitude Towards the First Language and Its Effects on First Language Lexical Attrition. Kurdish Studies. 2021; 7(1): 65-81.
Vancouver Kasap S. Attitude Towards the First Language and Its Effects on First Language Lexical Attrition. International Journal of Kurdish Studies. 2021; 7(1): 65-81.
IEEE S. Kasap , "Attitude Towards the First Language and Its Effects on First Language Lexical Attrition", International Journal of Kurdish Studies, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 65-81, Jan. 2021, doi:10.21600/ijoks.827571


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