Yıl 2018, Cilt 4, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 416 - 453 2018-08-25

The Patterns of spending time among Ayyubid Kings in Bilad Al-Sham and Al-Jazeera (589_658 A.H/ 1193_1259 A.D)

Ako B. Muhammad [1] , Muhsin M. Muhammad [2]

15 27

T

his research is an attempt to illustrate general image of the pattern of spending time among the Ayyubid Kings in Bilad Al-Sham and Al-Jazeera (589_658A.H/ 1193_1259 A.D). In the present paper, the light is shed on their private, secret and formal lives, away from political and military lives by examining how they spent their holidays and leisure times. All this information is supported by a bunch of resurces in which some of them were primary that have been obtained from their period.Although Ayyubid Kings were fighting and struggling in civil war and they were in continuous war against crucifiers; and other who headed towards their region, these were not barriers to spend their normal lives and they brought leisure to their lives. However, some of them spent their lives in various patterns; for instance, doing some physical and ethical activities such as hunting, riding horses, playing Polo (suljan), target shooting, and other mental or intellectual gammes (chess and backgammon). In addition, they spent a lot of money in their mansion for relaxation and happiness, such as participating in philosophical and intellectual meetings. Moreover, they were also listening to songs and music and dedicating a special time for wine drinking. Besides those, they had many particular trips, picnics and vacations to stunning and wonderful places to have some fun.

Ayyubid Kings, Bilad Al- Sham, Al- Jazeera, Pattern, Leisure time, Crucifier
  • Abbasi (d: 710 AH / 1310AD). (1989). Effects of the first in the ranking of countries, investigation: Abdulrahman Hameera, Dar Jil, Beirut. Abu al_Fida (d. 732 AH / 1321 AD). (1999). Abbreviations in the news of humans, investigation: Mohammed Zainham Arabs and Yahya Sayed Hussein, Dar Maarif, Cairo. Abu Daoud (d. 204 AH / 819 AD). (1999). Musnad Abi Dawood al-Tilasi, investigation: Mohammed bin Abdul-Mohsen al-Turki, Dar Hajar. Egypt. Abu Shama (d. 665 AH / 1266). (2002). The translations of the men of the sixth and seventh centuries known as the tail on the Roudhtiten, put his footnotes and commented on it: Ibrahim Shams al-Din, Dar al-Kuttab al-Alami, Beirut. Abu Shama (d. 665 AH / 1266). (1997). Al-Rawdatin in the News of the Two New States and the Authority, Ibrahim al-Zaybq, Al-Resala Foundation, Beirut. AL_ Qafti (d. 646 AH / 1248 AD). (1982). Narrated by narrators on the objets of the grammarians, by: Mohammed Abu al- Fadl Ibrahim, Cultural Books Foundation, Beirut. Al_ thahaby (d. 748 AH / 1347 AD).(2003). History of Islam and the deaths of celebrities and media, investigation: Bashar Awwad Marouf, Dar al-Gharb al-Islami, Beirut. AL_ yunini (d: 726 AH / 1326 AD). (1992). Tail of the mirror of time, the Islamic Book House, Cairo. Albert. D.A. (1896). Historia Nicenae Vel Anticochenae prologum, Paris. Al-Dumeir (d. 808 AH / 1406 AD). (2003). The Life of the Great Animal, Dar al-Kitab al-'Ilami, Beirut. Al_dwadawari (d. 736 AH / 1363 AD). (1972). Treasure of Aldar and Mosque of Gharar (Durr required in the news of Bani Ayoub), investigation: Said Abdel Fattah Ashour, House of Arabic books revival, Cairo. Al-Hamdny (d. 695 AH / 1295 AD).(1984). Equestrian and military positions, investigation: Eid Deif al-Abadi, Ministry of Culture and Information, Baghdad. Al-Jahiz (d: 255AH / 866 AD). (1914). Crown in the ethics of kings, investigation: Ahmed Zaki Pasha, Amiri Press, and Cairo. Al-Jawaliki (d. 540 AH / 1145 AD). (1990). Al-Ma'arab from Al-Ajami on the letters of the dictionary, Dar Al-Qalam, Damascus. Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya (d. 751 AH / 1351 AD).( 1993). Equestrian, investigation: Mashhur bin Hassan bin Mahmoud bin Salman, Dar al-Andalus, Saudi Arabia. Al-Qalqashandi (d. 821 AH / 1418 AD). (1987). Sobh al-A'ashah in the Al-Ansha industry, investigation: Muhammad Hussein Shams al-Din, Dar al-Kuttab al-Alami Beirut. Al-Qalqashandi (d. 821 AH / 1418 AD). (1985) .the exploits of Al-Anfa in the features of the Caliphate, by: Abdul Sattar Ahmed Faraj, Kuwait Government Press, and Kuwait. Al-Sakhawi (d. 902 AH / 1497 AD). The leader of the protester in chess rule, a manuscript, published on www.alukah.net. Alwais. K. T. (2003). Athletics in the Abbasid Period (Sports Bowl in the Abbasid Period), Journal of Physical Education College, No. 12, Baghdad. Anonymous author (died after 655 AH / 1257 AD). (2010). History of the State of the Kurds and Turks (History of the State of the Kurds), study and investigation: Musa Mustafa al-Hasaniani, publications of the University of Dohuk, Dohuk. Anonymous author: (from the writings of the seventh century AH). (2007). the Seljuks of Rum (Saljuknama), Translated by: Mohammed Al-Said Jamal Aldin, the National Project of Translation, Cairo. Atrushi. Sh. A. (2007). Intellectual Life in Egypt during the Ayyubid Age. Amman. Badawi. A. A. (1953). Mamoun Bani Ayoub al-Ma'izam Issa, Printing Press Committee of the Arab statement, Cairo. Badawi. A. A. (2000). Kingdom of Homs in the Ayyubid era, presented by: Suhail Zoukar, Dar Tlas, Damascus. Hanbali (d. 876 AH / 1471). (1978). healing the hearts in Mneqib Bani Ayoub, investigation: Nazim Rashid, Freedom House for printing, Baghdad. Hayek. M. (2000). Kingdom of Homs in the Ayyubid era, presented by: Suhail Zoukar, Dar Tlas, Damascus. Horemzari. G. S. (2012). Contemporary hunting Tools Juristic Study, Journal of the University of Koya, No. 22, Koya. Ibn Abi Yashat (d. 668 AH / 1269 AD). (D.T). News of the news in the layers of doctors, Tqebq: Nizar Reza, Library of Life, and Beirut. Ibn al-Abri (d: 685 AH / 1286 AD). (1992). Brief History of States, investigation: Antoine Salhani Jesuit, Dar al-Sharq, Beirut. Ibn al-’Adim (d.660 AH / 1261 AD). (1988). With a view to the demand in the history of Aleppo, Suhail Zoukar, Dar al-Fikr, Beirut. Ibn al-Atheer (d. 630 AH / 1232 AD). (1997). full in history, investigation: Omar Abdel Salam al-Tadmari, Dar al-Kitab al-Arabi, Beirut. Ibn al-Fouti (d: 723 AH / 1323 AD). (1962). Summary of the complex of literature in the dictionary of titles, the investigation: Mustafa Jawad, the Directorate of the Department of Old Heritage, Damascus. Ibn al-Mu'taz (d: 296 AH / 908 AD). (DT). Layers of poets, investigation: Abdel-Sattar Ahmed Farrag, Dar Maarif, Cairo. Ibn al-Sha'ar (d. 654 AH / 1256 AD). (2005). Qallayd Juman in the poets of this time famous decades of Juman in the poets of this time, the investigation: Kamel Salman Jubouri, Dar al-Kuttab al-Ulami, Beirut. Ibn Fadlullah al-Amri (d. 749 AH / 1378 AD). (2002). Pathways of sight in the kingdoms of Amazar, Cultural Complex, Abu Dhabi. Ibn Kathir (d. 774 AH / 1373AD). (1988). the Beginning and the End, Ali Shiri, Arab Revival and Heritage, Beirut. Ibn Kathir (d. 774 AH / 1373AD). (1993). Tafsat El-Shafoui, Investigation: Ahmed Omar Hashim and Mohamed Zainham Mohamed Azab, Library of Religious Culture, MD. Ibn Khalkan(d. 681 AH / 1282AD). (1994). Deaths of the elderly and the sons of time, the investigation: Ihsan Abbas, 1-3, 1990, C 4 1971 Dar Sader, Beirut. Ibn Munqadh(d. 584 AH / 1188 AD). (DT). Mind, edited by: Flip Up, The Library of Religious Culture, Egypt. Ibn Nazif al-Hamawi (d. 644 AH / 1246 AD). (1981). Al-Mansoori History (Summarizing the Reveal and Statement in Time Incidents), by: Abu Eid Doudou, Review: Adnan Darwish, the Arabic Language Complex, and Damascus. Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya (d. 751 AH / 1351 AD). (1993). equestrian, investigation: Mashhur bin Hassan bin Mahmoud bin Salman, Dar al-Andalus, Saudi Arabia. Ibn Qutaiba al-Dinuri (d. 276 AH / 889 AD). (1997). Oyoun al-Akhbar, Dar al-Kitab al-Sallami, Beirut. Ibn qzl al_ mushed (d: 656 AH / 1258 AD). (2002). Diwan of Ibn Qazal Almashd, investigation: famous Abdul Rahman Habazi, Jerusalem. Ibn Shaddad (d. 632 AH / 1234 AD). (2005). The Royal Juices and the Prospects of Yusufiyah or the biography of Sultan Al-Nasir Salah Al-Din Al-Ayoubi, investigation: Ahmed Ibash, Damascus. Ibn Shaddad (d: 684 AH / 1285 AD). (1987). Dangerous relations in the mention of the princes of the Levant and the island, investigation: Yahya Zakaria phrase, publications of the Ministry of Culture and National Guidance, Damshef. Ibn Tghri Bardi ((d. 874 AH / 1469 AD). (D.T). Stars shining in the kings of Egypt and Cairo, the Ministry of Culture and National Guidance, Egypt. Ibn Tulun(d. 953 AH / 1546AD). (1992). Criticism of the student to occupy positions, investigation: Mohammed Ahmed Dahman and Khalid Mohammed Dahman reviewed by: Nizar Abaza, Contemporary Thought House, Beirut. Ibn Wasel (d: 697 AH / 1297 AD). (2010). History Salhi, investigation: Omar Abdulsalam Tadmari, Modern Library, Beirut. Ibn Wasel (d: 697 AH / 1297 AD). (1957). Mufruj al-Karub in the news of Bani Ayoub, J1_5, and investigation: Gamal al-Din Shayal, Amiriya Press, Cairo. Ibn Wasel (d: 697 AH / 1297 AD). (2004). Mufrouj al-Kroub in the news of Bani Ayoub, J6, and investigation: Omar Abdulsalam al-Tadmari, the modern library, Beirut. Ibrahim. Kh. S. (2013). Social life in Egypt in the Ayyubid era (567-648 / 1171-1250), Dar al-Basayr for printing and publishing, Beirut. Khatib. M. K. (1996). Glossary of Terms and Historical Words, Beirut. King Al-Nasir Dawood ((d. 656 AH / 1258 AD). (1992). The obvious benefits in the Nasiriyah literature (letters and poetry), by: Nazem Rashid, House of Public Cultural Affairs. Baghdad. Kutbi (d. 764 AH / 1363 AD). (1974). Fatalities, Achievement: Ihsan Abbas, Dar Sader, Beirut. Maqrizi (d. 845 AH / 1441AD). (1997). Behavior to teach the kings, the investigation: Mohammed Abdul Qadir Atta, Dar al-Kuttab al-Alami, Beirut. Masoudi (d: 346 AH / 957 AD). (2005). Gold promoters and mineral minerals, investigation: Mohammed Hisham Al-Nusan and Abdulmajid Tameh Halabi, Dar Al-Maarifah, Beirut. Muderes. K. M. (1983). Our scientists in the service of science and religion, published by: Muhammad Ali al-Qardaghi, Baghdad. Murray.H.X.R (1913). History of chess, Oxford. Muslim bin Hajjaj (d. 261 AH / 874 AD). (D.T). Saheeh Muslim, Inquiry: Mohamed Fouad Abdel-Baki, House of Revival of Arab Heritage, Beirut. Mustafa. Sh. (1988). Cities in Islam until the Ottoman era, Dar Al-Salsal for Printing and Publishing, Kuwait. Nassar. L. A. (1999). The means of entertainment in the era of the Mamluk sultans in Egypt, the Egyptian General Book Press, Egypt. Nuri. N. M. (1996). Festivities, events and entertainment in Baghdad during the Abbasid period (145-656 / 763-1258), Master's thesis, Faculty of Education _ Mosul University, Mosul. Nuwairi (d. 733 AH / 1322 AD). (2004). End of Arb in the arts of literature, investigation: Naguib Mustafa Fawaz and Hikmat Kashli Fawaz, House of Scientific Books, Beirut. Pasha. O. M. (1989). Literature in the Levant of the era of the Znokis and the Ayyubids and Mamluks, Dar al-Fikr, Damascus. Qazwini (d: 682 AH / 1283 AD). (D.T). the effects of the country and Khobar Abad, Dar Sader, Beirut. Rajab. . G. I. (2003). Civilizations in the fourth century AH Study in the light of the gold promoter Masoudi, Cairo. Sabki (d: 771 AH / 1369 AD). (1992). layers of the great Shafei, investigation: Mahmoud Mohammed Al-Tanahi and Abdel-Fattah Mohamed El-Helou, Cairo. Safadi (d: 764 AH / 1363AD). (2000). Al-Wafi Al-Fatifiyat, investigation: Ahmad Al-Arnaout and Turki Mustafa, Dar Al-Tariyat Al-Tarath, Beirut. Samarrai. F. S. (2004). Damascene Traditions and Traditions during the Seljuk-Chalukin-Ayyubid Periods, Dar Al-Awael Publishing and Distribution, Damascus. Sayegh. H. Z. (1980). Trends of Arabic poetry in the seventh century AH in the Levant, PhD thesis, Faculty of Arts - Cairo University, Cairo. Shalaby. A. (1986). Social Life in Islamic Thought, the Egyptian Renaissance Library, I5 ,Cairo. Sharaf al-Din al-Ansari (d. 662 AH / 1223 AD). (D.T). Diwan Al-Saheb Sharaf Al-Din Al-Ansari, Inquiry: Omar Musa Pasha, Arabic Language Complex, Damascus. Shmeisani. H. (1983). The city of Sinjar from the Arab Islamic conquest until the Ottoman conquest, New Horizons House, Beirut. Sophaje. J. (1936). Damascus Sham, Beirut. Subet Ibn al-Jawzi (d. 654 AH / 1256 AD). (1951). the History of Time in the History of the Elders, the Ottoman Knowledge Department Press, Hyderabad. Yaqoot al-Hamawi (d. 626 AH / 1229 AD). (1995). Dar Al-Sadir, Dar al-Sadir, Beirut.
Birincil Dil en
Konular
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Ako B. Muhammad
Kurum: Salahaddin University
Ülke: Iraq


Yazar: Muhsin M. Muhammad (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Salahaddin University
Ülke: Iraq


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ijoks454465, journal = {International Journal of Kurdish Studies}, issn = {2149-2751}, address = {Hasan KARACAN}, year = {2018}, volume = {4}, pages = {416 - 453}, doi = {}, title = {The Patterns of spending time among Ayyubid Kings in Bilad Al-Sham and Al-Jazeera (589\_658 A.H/ 1193\_1259 A.D)}, key = {cite}, author = {Muhammad, Muhsin M. and Muhammad, Ako B.} }
APA Muhammad, A , Muhammad, M . (2018). The Patterns of spending time among Ayyubid Kings in Bilad Al-Sham and Al-Jazeera (589_658 A.H/ 1193_1259 A.D). International Journal of Kurdish Studies, 4 (2), 416-453. Retrieved from http://ijoks.com/issue/38905/454465
MLA Muhammad, A , Muhammad, M . "The Patterns of spending time among Ayyubid Kings in Bilad Al-Sham and Al-Jazeera (589_658 A.H/ 1193_1259 A.D)". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 4 (2018): 416-453 <http://ijoks.com/issue/38905/454465>
Chicago Muhammad, A , Muhammad, M . "The Patterns of spending time among Ayyubid Kings in Bilad Al-Sham and Al-Jazeera (589_658 A.H/ 1193_1259 A.D)". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 4 (2018): 416-453
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Patterns of spending time among Ayyubid Kings in Bilad Al-Sham and Al-Jazeera (589_658 A.H/ 1193_1259 A.D) AU - Ako B. Muhammad , Muhsin M. Muhammad Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - International Journal of Kurdish Studies JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 416 EP - 453 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - 2149-2751- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Kurdish Studies The Patterns of spending time among Ayyubid Kings in Bilad Al-Sham and Al-Jazeera (589_658 A.H/ 1193_1259 A.D) %A Ako B. Muhammad , Muhsin M. Muhammad %T The Patterns of spending time among Ayyubid Kings in Bilad Al-Sham and Al-Jazeera (589_658 A.H/ 1193_1259 A.D) %D 2018 %J International Journal of Kurdish Studies %P 2149-2751- %V 4 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Muhammad, Ako B. , Muhammad, Muhsin M. . "The Patterns of spending time among Ayyubid Kings in Bilad Al-Sham and Al-Jazeera (589_658 A.H/ 1193_1259 A.D)". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 4 / 2 (Ağustos 2018): 416-453.