Yıl 2021, Cilt 7 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 41 - 64 2021-01-25

Mediation in Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts
Mediation in Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts

Muttalip ÇAĞLAYAN [1]


Bu çalışmanın amacı, değişik düzeylerde cereyan eden devlet içi ve uluslararası çatışmalara üçüncü taraflarca müdahale edilmesi ve ihtilaf giderme-azaltma süreçlerinin yürütülmesi açısından önemli bir yere sahip olduğu varsayılan arabuluculuk mekanizmasını kavramsal ve teorik düzeyde tahlil etmektir. Makale, arabuluculuğun temel bazı varsayımlarına değindikten sonra kimlerin ya da hangi kurumların arabuluculuk faaliyeti yürütme kapasitesine sahip oldukları tartışmasını yapmaktadır. Müteakiben, arabuluculuğa neden ihtiyaç duyulduğu konusu çatışmaların içeriği ve özgün koşulları göz önünde bulundurularak “çıkmaz yol” kavramı aracılığıyla incelenmektedir. Arabuluculuk faaliyetinin çatışan tarafların hangi temel ihtiyaçlarını giderdiği, çatışmaların hangi aşamasında gerekli olduğu ve taraflarca neden kabul edildiği gibi hususlar ise “koşulların olgunlaşması” ve “müzakere öncesi dönem” ekseni etrafında ele alınmaktadır. Öte yandan, tarafsız, güce dayalı, dahili/harici ve kolaylaştırıcı gibi arabuluculuk modelleri bazı vakalar eşliğinde tahlil edilmektedir. Çalışmanın son kısmında ise arabuluculuğun hangi durumlarda başarılı olabileceği konusu bazı öneriler ışığında normatif bir bakış açısı ile ele alınmaktadır. Çalışmada, bilhassa uzun süreli çatışmalar sonucunda taraflar arasında oluşan güvensizliğin yarattığı çıkmazın aşılması ve diyalog-müzakere ortamı yaratılması bakımından arabuluculuğun fonksiyonel olduğu sonucuna varılmaktadır. Doğru zaman ve doğru yöntem tatbik edildiği takdirde, arabuluculuk mekanizması yalnızca arızi çözümlerin üretilmesine yönelik değil, tarafların çatışmanın belirleyici nedenlerini bizatihi kendi perspektifleriyle bertaraf ederek uzun vadede ulaşacakları adil ve sürdürülebilir bir barışa katkı sunma işlevi görebilmektedir.
This study aims to examine mediation as a conflict resolution tool at a conceptual and theoretical level. After making some basic assumptions about mediation, it discusses who or which organizations can mediate between the parties to a conflict. Subsequently, it seeks to answer why mediation is a particularly suitable method in conflict transformation and peace building. To do so, it uses Zartman’s concept of “mutually hurting stalemate” taking into consideration the nature and content of the conflict. The questions of what basic needs are met through mediation mechanism, at what stage of conflicts it might be effective and under what conditions the parties accept it will be reviewed around the notions "ripe moment" and "pre-negotiation phase". In the study, some mediation models such as neutral/impartial, mediators with muscle, internal-external and facilitation will also be analysed in the context of the conflict to which they are related. In the last part, the extent to which mediation can be considered successful will be studied from a normative perspective. The study basically argues that mediation effectively overcome the impasse created by the deep distrust between the parties and creates a constructive dialogue. When applied with the right method in the “ripe moment”, mediation produces provisionary solutions and contributes to a sustainable peace that the parties to the conflict will achieve by eliminating conflict’s root causes with their own efforts.

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-1252-2335
Yazar: Muttalip ÇAĞLAYAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Mardin Artuklu Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 8 Eylül 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 4 Aralık 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 25 Ocak 2021

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ijoks791930, journal = {International Journal of Kurdish Studies}, issn = {2149-2751}, eissn = {2149-2751}, address = {}, publisher = {Hasan KARACAN}, year = {2021}, volume = {7}, pages = {41 - 64}, doi = {10.21600/ijoks.791930}, title = {Mediation in Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts}, key = {cite}, author = {Çağlayan, Muttalip} }
APA Çağlayan, M . (2021). Mediation in Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts . International Journal of Kurdish Studies , 7 (1) , 41-64 . DOI: 10.21600/ijoks.791930
MLA Çağlayan, M . "Mediation in Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts" . International Journal of Kurdish Studies 7 (2021 ): 41-64 <http://ijoks.com/tr/pub/issue/59757/791930>
Chicago Çağlayan, M . "Mediation in Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 7 (2021 ): 41-64
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Mediation in Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts AU - Muttalip Çağlayan Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.21600/ijoks.791930 DO - 10.21600/ijoks.791930 T2 - International Journal of Kurdish Studies JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 41 EP - 64 VL - 7 IS - 1 SN - 2149-2751-2149-2751 M3 - doi: 10.21600/ijoks.791930 UR - https://doi.org/10.21600/ijoks.791930 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Kurdish Studies Mediation in Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts %A Muttalip Çağlayan %T Mediation in Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts %D 2021 %J International Journal of Kurdish Studies %P 2149-2751-2149-2751 %V 7 %N 1 %R doi: 10.21600/ijoks.791930 %U 10.21600/ijoks.791930
ISNAD Çağlayan, Muttalip . "Mediation in Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts". International Journal of Kurdish Studies 7 / 1 (Ocak 2021): 41-64 . https://doi.org/10.21600/ijoks.791930
AMA Çağlayan M . Mediation in Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts. Kurdish Studies. 2021; 7(1): 41-64.
Vancouver Çağlayan M . Mediation in Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts. International Journal of Kurdish Studies. 2021; 7(1): 41-64.
IEEE M. Çağlayan , "Mediation in Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts", International Journal of Kurdish Studies, c. 7, sayı. 1, ss. 41-64, Oca. 2021, doi:10.21600/ijoks.791930